Production of polyhydroxyalkanoates, a family of biodegradable plastics and elastomers, in bacteria and plants.

Détails

ID Serval
serval:BIB_F17553541289
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Sous-type
Synthèse (review): revue aussi complète que possible des connaissances sur un sujet, rédigée à partir de l'analyse exhaustive des travaux publiés.
Collection
Publications
Titre
Production of polyhydroxyalkanoates, a family of biodegradable plastics and elastomers, in bacteria and plants.
Périodique
Bio/technology
Auteur(s)
Poirier Y., Nawrath C., Somerville C.
ISSN
1087-0156
0733-222X (Print)
ISSN-L
0733-222X
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
1995
Volume
13
Numéro
2
Pages
142-150
Langue
anglais
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article ; Review Publication Status: ppublish
Résumé
In response to problems associated with plastic waste and its effect on the environment, there has been considerable interest in the development and production of biodegradable plastics. Polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs) are polyesters that accumulate as inclusions in a wide variety of bacteria. These bacterial polymers have properties ranging from stiff and brittle plastics to rubber-like materials. Because of their inherent biodegradability, PHAs are regarded as an attractive source of nonpolluting plastics and elastomers that can be used for specialty and commodity products. The possibility of producing PHAs in large scale and at a cost comparable to synthetic plastics has arisen from the demonstration of PHA accumulation in transgenic Arabidopsis plants expressing the bacterial PHA biosynthetic genes. Synergism between knowledge of the enzymes and genes contributing to PHA synthesis in bacteria and engineering of plant metabolic pathways will be necessary for the development of crop plants that produce biodegradable plastics.
Mots-clé
Acids, Acyclic/chemistry, Bacteria/metabolism, Biodegradation, Environmental, Environmental Pollution/prevention & control, Fermentation, Hydroxybutyrates, Plants/metabolism, Plastics, Polymers, Rubber
Pubmed
Web of science
Création de la notice
24/01/2008 20:49
Dernière modification de la notice
03/03/2018 22:38
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