Inproceedings: An article in a conference proceedings.
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Incidence of Infectious Complications in Kidney Transplant Recipients Receiving Induction with Basiliximab, Thymoglobulin or Both
Title of the conference
ATC 2011, American Transplant Congress
Philadelphia, United-States, April 30-May 4, 2011
American Journal of Transplantation
Publication type : Meeting Abstract
Background: The possible additional risk of infection in patients receiving induction with both basiliximab (Ba) and thymoglobulin (Th) is unclear. We assessed the 1-year incidence of infectious complications in 3 groups of kidney transplant recipients according to the type of induction therapy received.Methods: We compared the incidence of infection at 1 year in 3 groups of patients at our institution: fi rst transplant recipients received Ba 20mg at days 0 and 4 (Group Ba); in case of retransplantation or if PRA was >20% patients received Th 1 mg/kg for 3-5 days (Group Th); in case of delayed graft function (DGF), Ba was discontinued and Th was initiated (Group Ba+Th) or prolonged in Group Th. Kaplan-Meier curves were used to calculate the incidence of infection. A Cox analysis was used to identify risk factors for the development of infection.Results: Over 5 years, 170 consecutive kidney transplant recipients were performed:n=113 in Group Ba, n=39 in Group Th and n=18 in Group Ba+Th. As expected, more patients in Group Th received a second transplant (p<0.001). No differences in CMV serostatus were observed between groups (p=0.9). Incidences of CMV infection, CMV disease, BK viremia, BK nephropathy and urinary tract infection (UTI) is shown in Table 1. Table 1 Group Ba (n=113) Group Th (n=38) Group Ba+Th (n=18) CMV infection 31 (27%) 20 (51%) 8 (44%) CMV disease 7 (6%) 4 (10%) 0 BK viremia 11 (8%) 5 (13%) 4 (22%) BK nephropathy 5 (4%) 1 (2%) 2 (11%) UTI 43 (38%) 23 (59%) 6 (33%) Incidences of infection according to type of induction In a multivariate model taking into account CMV serostatus, age, pretransplant dialysis, type of organ transplanted, number of transplants and type of induction, Group Ba carried a lower risk of CMV infection (OR 0.45, p=0.006), and UTI (OR=0.6, p=0.05), but there were no differences in CMV disease (p=0.38). There was a trend towards higher incidence of BK viremia, but not nephropathy in Group Ba+Th (OR 2.2, p=0.23). There were no signifi cant differences in kidney function or graft loss at 1 year between groups.Conclusion: By multivariate analysis, we observed a lower risk of CMV infection andUTI in patients receiving Ba. The group Ba+Th had a similar risk for infection than the group receiving Th alone. Larger studies are needed to clarify whether combining Ba+Th in the setting of DGF may increase the risk of infectious complications, in particular BK infection.
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