Incidence of Infectious Complications in Kidney Transplant Recipients Receiving Induction with Basiliximab, Thymoglobulin or Both

Détails

ID Serval
serval:BIB_F0F4917D7602
Type
Actes de conférence (partie): contribution originale à la littérature scientifique, publiée à l'occasion de conférences scientifiques, dans un ouvrage de compte-rendu (proceedings), ou dans l'édition spéciale d'un journal reconnu (conference proceedings).
Sous-type
Abstract (résumé de présentation): article court qui reprend les éléments essentiels présentés à l'occasion d'une conférence scientifique dans un poster ou lors d'une intervention orale.
Collection
Publications
Titre
Incidence of Infectious Complications in Kidney Transplant Recipients Receiving Induction with Basiliximab, Thymoglobulin or Both
Titre de la conférence
ATC 2011, American Transplant Congress
Auteur(s)
Jankovic J., Pascual M., Venetz J.P., Nseir G., Meylan P., Manuel O.
Adresse
Philadelphia, United-States, April 30-May 4, 2011
ISBN
1600-6135
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
2011
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
11
Série
American Journal of Transplantation
Pages
323
Langue
anglais
Notes
Publication type : Meeting Abstract
Résumé
Background: The possible additional risk of infection in patients receiving induction with both basiliximab (Ba) and thymoglobulin (Th) is unclear. We assessed the 1-year incidence of infectious complications in 3 groups of kidney transplant recipients according to the type of induction therapy received.Methods: We compared the incidence of infection at 1 year in 3 groups of patients at our institution: fi rst transplant recipients received Ba 20mg at days 0 and 4 (Group Ba); in case of retransplantation or if PRA was >20% patients received Th 1 mg/kg for 3-5 days (Group Th); in case of delayed graft function (DGF), Ba was discontinued and Th was initiated (Group Ba+Th) or prolonged in Group Th. Kaplan-Meier curves were used to calculate the incidence of infection. A Cox analysis was used to identify risk factors for the development of infection.Results: Over 5 years, 170 consecutive kidney transplant recipients were performed:n=113 in Group Ba, n=39 in Group Th and n=18 in Group Ba+Th. As expected, more patients in Group Th received a second transplant (p<0.001). No differences in CMV serostatus were observed between groups (p=0.9). Incidences of CMV infection, CMV disease, BK viremia, BK nephropathy and urinary tract infection (UTI) is shown in Table 1. Table 1 Group Ba (n=113) Group Th (n=38) Group Ba+Th (n=18) CMV infection 31 (27%) 20 (51%) 8 (44%) CMV disease 7 (6%) 4 (10%) 0 BK viremia 11 (8%) 5 (13%) 4 (22%) BK nephropathy 5 (4%) 1 (2%) 2 (11%) UTI 43 (38%) 23 (59%) 6 (33%) Incidences of infection according to type of induction In a multivariate model taking into account CMV serostatus, age, pretransplant dialysis, type of organ transplanted, number of transplants and type of induction, Group Ba carried a lower risk of CMV infection (OR 0.45, p=0.006), and UTI (OR=0.6, p=0.05), but there were no differences in CMV disease (p=0.38). There was a trend towards higher incidence of BK viremia, but not nephropathy in Group Ba+Th (OR 2.2, p=0.23). There were no signifi cant differences in kidney function or graft loss at 1 year between groups.Conclusion: By multivariate analysis, we observed a lower risk of CMV infection andUTI in patients receiving Ba. The group Ba+Th had a similar risk for infection than the group receiving Th alone. Larger studies are needed to clarify whether combining Ba+Th in the setting of DGF may increase the risk of infectious complications, in particular BK infection.
Mots-clé
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Web of science
Création de la notice
13/05/2011 10:18
Dernière modification de la notice
20/08/2019 16:18
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