Differences between first episode schizophrenia and schizoaffective disorder.

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Etat: Public
Version: de l'auteur
ID Serval
serval:BIB_F0EA924B3079
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Titre
Differences between first episode schizophrenia and schizoaffective disorder.
Périodique
Schizophrenia Research
Auteur(s)
Cotton S.M., Lambert M., Schimmelmann B.G., Mackinnon A., Gleeson J.F., Berk M., Hides L., Chanen A.M., Scott J., Schöttle D., McGorry P.D., Conus P.
ISSN
1573-2509 (Electronic)
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
2013
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
147
Numéro
1
Pages
169-174
Langue
anglais
Notes
Publication types: Journal ArticlePublication Status: ppublish
Résumé
BACKGROUND: The diagnostic and clinical overlap between schizophrenia and schizoaffective disorder is an important nosological issue in psychiatry that is yet to be resolved. The aim of this study was to compare the clinical and functional characteristics of an epidemiological treated cohort of first episode patients with an 18-month discharge diagnosis of schizophrenia (FES) or schizoaffective disorder (FESA).
METHODS: This study was part of the larger First Episode Psychosis Outcome Study (FEPOS) which involved a medical file audit study of all 786 patients treated at the Early Psychosis Prevention and Intervention Centre between 1998 and 2000. Of this cohort, 283 patients had an 18-month discharge diagnosis of FES and 64 had a diagnosis of FESA. DSM-IV diagnoses and clinical and functional ratings were derived and validated by two consultant psychiatrists.
RESULTS: Compared to FES patients, those with FESA were significantly more likely to have a later age of onset (p=.004), longer prodrome (p=.020), and a longer duration of untreated psychosis (p<.001). At service entry, FESA patients presented with a higher illness severity (p=.020), largely due to the presence of more severe manic symptoms (p<.001). FESA patients also had a greater number of subsequent inpatient admissions (p=.017), had more severe depressive symptoms (p=.011), and higher levels of functioning at discharge.
DISCUSSION: The findings support the notion that these might be considered two discernable disorders; however, further research is required to ascertain the ways and extent to which these disorders are discriminable at presentation and over time.
Pubmed
Web of science
Création de la notice
14/05/2013 11:07
Dernière modification de la notice
20/08/2019 17:18
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