Survival after trepanation-Early cranial surgery from Late Iron Age Switzerland.

Détails

ID Serval
serval:BIB_F07E7B613C9C
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Sous-type
Etude de cas (case report): rapporte une observation et la commente brièvement.
Collection
Publications
Titre
Survival after trepanation-Early cranial surgery from Late Iron Age Switzerland.
Périodique
International journal of paleopathology
Auteur(s)
Moghaddam N., Mailler-Burch S., Kara L., Kanz F., Jackowski C., Lösch S.
ISSN
1879-9825 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
1879-9817
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
12/2015
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
11
Pages
56-65
Langue
anglais
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article. PDF: Case study
Publication Status: ppublish
Résumé
Trepanation is defined as the intentional perforation of the cranial vault with removal of a piece of skull bone. In Europe, trepanation is known to have been practiced at least since the Neolithic, and it can still be found today in East African native tribes. Two skulls with lesions from the Late Iron Age site Münsingen-Rain (420-240 BC) were investigated. The aim of this study was to analyse the lesions and to determine whether they were caused by surgical interventions. Both individuals were analysed by current morphologic-anthropological methods and radiological examinations were performed with a multislice CT-scanner. Additionally, this work surveys trepanations reported in Switzerland and calculates survival rates. In Switzerland, 34 individuals with trepanations have been published. As a tendency, the survival rate appears to be relatively high from the Neolithic to Late Antiquity but then decreases until Pre-Modern times. The 78% survival rate in Late Iron Age Switzerland indicates that the surgery was often performed successfully. Skull injuries sustained in conflicts could have been a reason for trepanation during the Iron Age.

Mots-clé
Late Iron Age, Münsingen-Rain, Survival rate, Switzerland, Trepanation
Pubmed
Web of science
Open Access
Oui
Création de la notice
31/10/2017 11:50
Dernière modification de la notice
09/05/2019 3:16
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