Inproceedings: an article in a conference proceedings.
Abstract (Abstract): shot summary in a article that contain essentials elements presented during a scientific conference, lecture or from a poster.
Role of the transcription factor sox4 in schwann cell development
Title of the conference
10th European Meeting on Glial Cells in Health and Disease
Prague, Czech Republic, September 13-17, 2011
Publication type : Meeting Abstract
Previous studies demonstrated that both Schwann cell differentiation and de-differentiation (in the situation of a nerve injury or demyelinating disease) are regulated by cell-intrinsic regulators including several transcription factors. In particular, the de-differentiation of mature Schwann cells is driven by the activation of multiple negative regulators of myelination including c-Jun, Notch, Sox-2 and Pax-3, all usually expressed in the immature Schwann cells and suppressed at the onset of myelination. In order to identify new negative regulators of myelination involved in the development of the peripheral nervous system (PNS) we analyzed the data from a previously performed transcriptional analysis of myelinating Schwann cells. Based on its transcriptional expression profile during myelination, Sox4, a member of the Sox gene family, was identified as a potential candidate. Previous studies demonstrated that prolonged Sox4 expression in oligodendrocytes maintains these cells in a premyelinating state, further suggesting its role as a negative regulator of myelination. Concomitantly, we observed upregulation of Sox4 mRNA and protein expression levels in the PNS of three different models of demyelinating neuropathies (Pmp22, Lpin1, and Scap KOs). To better characterize the molecular function of Sox4, we used a viral vector allowing Sox4 overexpression in cultured Schwann cells and in neuron-Schwann cell co-cultures. In parallel, we generated two transgenic lines of mice in which the overexpression of Sox4 is driven specifically in Schwann cells by the Myelin Protein Zero gene promoter. The preliminary data from these in vitro and in vivo experiments show that overexpression of Sox4 in PNS causes a delay in progression of myelination thus indicating that Sox4 acts as a negative regulator of Schwann cell myelination.
transcription factor, PNS development, Sox4,
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