Specific interactions of polystyrene biomaterials with factor D of human complement

Détails

ID Serval
serval:BIB_EFDE801A7ACC
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Titre
Specific interactions of polystyrene biomaterials with factor D of human complement
Périodique
Biomaterials
Auteur(s)
Pascual  M., Plastre  O., Montdargent  B., Labarre  D., Schifferli  J. A.
ISSN
0142-9612
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
07/1993
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
14
Numéro
9
Pages
665-70
Notes
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't --- Old month value: Jul
Résumé
The contact of blood with some biomaterials results in complement activation, primarily by the alternative pathway (AP). Insoluble polystyrene derivatives bearing isolated sulphonate groups (PSSO3) deplete complement, whereas identical surfaces substituted with both sulphonate and hydroxymethyl groups (PSCH2OH-SO3) are non-activators. Polystyrene sulphonate derivatives possess high adsorptive properties, particularly for serine proteases of the coagulation cascade. Thus, we studied the interactions between polystyrene derivatives and factor D, an enzyme essential for AP activation. C3 was activated when normal human serum (NHS) was incubated with PSSO3, whereas PSCH2OH-SO3 did not induce any specific C3 activation. Both polymers adsorbed factor D from serum, as shown by the loss of haemolytic factor D from NHS incubated with the polymers and by the specific adsorption of radiolabelled factor D. When bound to the polymers, factor D was not functional. The disappearance of factor D was in contradiction to the observed complement activation induced by PSSO3. When other AP components were studied, it was evident that PSSO3 adsorbed factor H even more rapidly and efficiently than factor D. Thus, the net effect was an immediate deregulation of the AP resulting in C3 activation, followed by inhibition of the AP when factor D was finally depleted. Pre-exposure of PSSO3 to NHS prevented any complement activation because the polymer was saturated with factor H, but still adsorbed factor D. Such properties could be beneficial during haemodialysis with membranes for uremic patients who have increased levels of factor D in their serum.
Mots-clé
Biocompatible Materials/*chemistry Complement C3c/*metabolism Complement Factor D/*chemistry *Complement Pathway, Alternative Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel Humans Polystyrenes/*chemistry/pharmacology
Pubmed
Web of science
Création de la notice
29/01/2008 14:52
Dernière modification de la notice
03/03/2018 22:35
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