Modeling Experts with Fast-and-Frugal Heuristics

Détails

ID Serval
serval:BIB_EFD0BA771417
Type
Autre: (aucun autre type ne convient)
Collection
Publications
Titre
Modeling Experts with Fast-and-Frugal Heuristics
Auteur(s)
Hoffrage Ulrich
ISBN
9780198795872
Date de publication
09/05/2019
Langue
anglais
Nombre de pages
24
Résumé
According to the program reviewed in this chapter, people—including experts—use fast-and-frugal heuristics. These heuristics are models of bounded rationality that function well under limited knowledge, memory, and computational capacities. These heuristics are ecologically rational: they are fitted to the structure of information in the environment. While studying experts in the context of this program amounts to modeling them with fast-and-frugal heuristics, studying the acquisition of expertise focuses on how laypeople learn such heuristics. Experts can be viewed as intuitive statisticians. They have larger samples than novices and they are—through experience, education, and feedback—able to construct both accurate models of their environment and smart heuristics. Because fast-and-frugal heuristics do not require complex calculation and are typically easy to set up, this program offers a straightforward way to aid experts: After the heuristics’ performance has been determined under various environmental conditions, experts can be educated about these results.
Mots-clé
bounded rationality, experts, fast-and-frugal trees, heuristics, intuition
Création de la notice
02/10/2019 15:12
Dernière modification de la notice
03/10/2019 5:09
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