A part of a book.
Chapter: chapter ou part
Circadian clock genes and the regulation of sleep
Title of the book
Sleep loss and obesity: intersecting epidemics
Address of publication
Shiromani P.J., Horvath T., Redline S., Van Cauter E.
Sleep and waking are controlled by opposing interactions between circadian and homeostatic processes. A circadian process generated by the suprachiasmatic nucleus determines when sleep should occur, while a homeostatic process keeps track of time spent awake and asleep and signals sleep need or sleep propensity. Recent evidence indicates that these two processes employ many of the same set of genes. Herein, we review the basic concepts of the circadian and homeostatic regulation of sleep, and then outline the molecular components of circadian clock. We then discuss the evidence demonstrating a role of clock genes in sleep homeostasis in flies, mice, and humans. We conclude by suggesting that clock genes might be crucial for integrating homeostatic need, not only that of sleep but also of food intake and energy metabolism.
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