Smoking behavior among US adults with diabetes or impaired fasting glucose.

Détails

Ressource 1Télécharger: BIB_EEB38072AF6C.P001.pdf (1019.19 [Ko])
Etat: Serval
Version: Author's accepted manuscript
ID Serval
serval:BIB_EEB38072AF6C
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Titre
Smoking behavior among US adults with diabetes or impaired fasting glucose.
Périodique
American Journal of Medicine
Auteur(s)
Clair C., Meigs J.B., Rigotti N.A.
ISSN
1555-7162 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
0002-9343
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
2013
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
126
Numéro
6
Pages
541.e15-541.e18
Langue
anglais
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article ; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov'tPublication Status: ppublish
Résumé
BACKGROUND: Cigarette smoking is a well-known cardiovascular risk factor and its impact on cardiovascular disease is even greater among people with diabetes. The aim of this study is to compare the prevalence and determinants of smoking among US adults with diabetes or impaired fasting glucose, and those without diabetes or impaired fasting glucose.
METHODS: We analyzed data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (1999-2008). Age-adjusted prevalence of smoking was calculated, and we used logistic regression models to identify the correlates of smoking among people with diabetes, impaired fasting glucose, and normal glucose metabolism.
RESULTS: Among 24,649 participants ≥20 years old, age-adjusted smoking prevalence was 25.7% in 3111 individuals with diabetes, 24.2% in 3557 individuals with impaired fasting glucose, and 24.1% in 17,981 individuals without diabetes. Smoking prevalence did not differ across groups or change over time (1999-2008) in any group. Younger age, less education, more alcohol consumption, less physical activity, and major depression symptoms were associated with smoking in people with diabetes, impaired fasting glucose, and normal glucose metabolism.
CONCLUSIONS: In the US, smoking prevalence among people with diabetes and impaired fasting glucose has not changed and is comparable with the nondiabetic population. Tobacco control efforts should be intensified among this population at high risk for complications and mortality.
Mots-clé
Adult, Blood Glucose/analysis, Demography, Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiology, Fasting, Female, Glucose Tolerance Test, Humans, Logistic Models, Male, Nutrition Surveys, Prevalence, Risk Factors, Smoking/epidemiology, United States/epidemiology
Pubmed
Création de la notice
06/02/2014 11:25
Dernière modification de la notice
03/03/2018 22:33
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