Proliferative and Osteogenic Differentiation Potentials of Human Fetal Bone Cells

Détails

ID Serval
serval:BIB_EEAEAC89A2E6
Type
Actes de conférence (partie): contribution originale à la littérature scientifique, publiée à l'occasion de conférences scientifiques, dans un ouvrage de compte-rendu (proceedings), ou dans l'édition spéciale d'un journal reconnu (conference proceedings).
Sous-type
Abstract (résumé de présentation): article court qui reprend les éléments essentiels présentés à l'occasion d'une conférence scientifique dans un poster ou lors d'une intervention orale.
Collection
Publications
Titre
Proliferative and Osteogenic Differentiation Potentials of Human Fetal Bone Cells
Titre de la conférence
IBMS Davos Workshop on Bone Biology and Therapeutics
Auteur(s)
Krattinger Nathalie, Applegate Lee-Ann, Pioletti Dominique, Caverzasio Joseph
Adresse
Davos, Switzerland, March 14-19, 2010
ISBN
8756-3282
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
2010
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
46
Série
Bone
Pages
51
Langue
anglais
Notes
Meeting Abstract
Résumé
BACKGROUND.
Human primary fetal bone cells (hFBC) are being characterized for use in bone tissue regeneration. Unlike human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSC), hFBC are partially differentiated with high expansion and regeneration potential. To date, proliferative and osteoblastic differentiation capacities of fetal bone cells remain poorly examined. The goal of this study was to define an environmental culture conditions for optimal proliferation and production of extracellular bone matrix leading to efficient bone repair.
METHODS.
Human primary FBC derived from our dedicated, consistent banks of bone cells comprising several fetal donors. For proliferation study, monolayer cultures of both cell types were expanded in DMEM or α- MEM media. Osteoblastic differentiation potentials of both hFBC and hMSC were evaluated through RT-PCR. Regulation of osteogenic differentiation by protein ligands Wnt3a and Wnt5a was studied by ALP enzymatic activity measurement.
RESULTS.
Evaluation of the proliferation rate demonstrated that hFBC proliferated more rapidly in α-MEM medium. Regarding growth factors that could stimulate cell proliferation rate, we observed that PDGF, FGF2 and Wnt3a had positive effects on proliferation of hFBC. Gene expression analysis demonstrated a higher expression of runx2 in hFBC cultured in basal conditions, which was was similar than that was observed in hMSC in osteoinductive culture conditions. Expression of sox9 was very low in hBFC and hMSC, compared to expression observed in fetal cartilage cells. Looking at osteogenic differentiation capacity, ALP activity was positively regulated byWnt5awhen hFBCwere cultured inα-MEM, but not in DMEM. Conversely, Wnt3a was shown to block the effect of osteogenic inductors on differentiation of both cell types.
CONCLUSION.
Data presented in this study indicate that the proliferation and differentiation of fetal and mesenchymal stem cells is optimal in α- MEM. Evidence for a pre-differentiated state of hBFC was given by extracellular matrix spontaneous mineralization as well as by higher ALP activity levels observed for these cells in baseline culture conditions, in comparison with hMSC. As we showed that, in vitro, hFBC express a higher capacity to differentiate in osteoblasts, they represent an attractive and promising prospect for fundamental research, and specifically for a new generation of skeletal tissue engineering.
Web of science
Création de la notice
28/05/2010 11:55
Dernière modification de la notice
03/03/2018 22:33
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