Article: article from journal or magazin.
Identification and characterization of nuclear matrix-attachment regions in the human serpin gene cluster at 14q32.1.
Nucleic Acids Research
Publication types: Journal Article ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't ; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.Publication Status: ppublish
Matrix-attachment regions (MARs) are DNA elements that are defined by their abilities to bind to isolated nuclear matrices in vitro. The DNA sequences of different matrix-binding elements vary widely. The locations of some MARs at the ends of chromatin loops suggest that they may represent boundaries of individual chromatin domains. As such, MARs may play important roles in regulating transcription and chromatin structure. As a first step towards assessing the roles of MARs in these processes, we assayed DNA sequences from the human serine protease inhibitor (serpin) gene cluster at 14q32.1 for matrix-binding activity in vitro. This approximately 150 kb region contains the cell-specific genes encoding alpha1-anti-trypsin (alpha1AT) and corticosteroid-binding globulin (CBG), as well as an antitrypsin-related sequence termed ATR. A DNase I-hypersensitive site (DHS) map of the locus has recently been described. We report here that the alpha1AT-ATR-CBG region contains five distinct MARs. There is a strong matrix-binding element approximately 16 kb upstream of alpha1AT; three MARs are between ATR and CBG and one MAR is within the CBG gene itself. These MARs were matrix-associated in all cell types examined. DNA sequencing indicated that the serpin MARs contained predominantly repetitive DNA, although the types of DNA repeats differed among the MARs.
Base Sequence, Binding Sites, Chromosomes, Human, Pair 14, Cosmids, DNA, Complementary, Hela Cells, Humans, Molecular Sequence Data, Multigene Family, Nuclear Matrix/metabolism, Research Design, Sequence Analysis, DNA, Serpins/genetics, Transcortin/genetics, Tumor Cells, Cultured, alpha 1-Antitrypsin/genetics
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