Inproceedings: An article in a conference proceedings.
Poster: Summary – with images – on one page of the results of a researche project. The summaries of the poster must be entered in "Abstract" and not "Poster".
Searching for Novel Cellular Targets of the Hepatitis C Virus NS3-4A Protease
Title of the conference
Annual Meeting of the Swiss Society of Gastroenterology, Swiss Society for Visceral Surgery, Swiss Association for the Study of the Liver
Lausanne, Switzerland, September 29-30, 2011
Swiss Medical Weekly
Background: The hepatitis C virus (HCV) NS3-4A protease isnot only an essential component of the viral replication complexand a prime target for antiviral intervention but also a key playerin the persistence and pathogenesis of HCV. It cleaves andthereby inactivates two crucial adaptor proteins in viral RNAsensing and innate immunity (MAVS and TRIF) as well as aphosphatase involved in growth factor signaling (TC-PTP). Theaim of this ongoing study is to identify novel cellular targets ofthe NS3-4A protease.Methods: Cell lines inducibly expressing the NS3-4A proteasewere established using a tetracycline-regulated geneexpression system. Cells were analyzed in basal as well asinterferon-α-stimulated states. Two-dimensional difference gelelectrophoresis (2D-DIGE) and stable isotopic labeling usingamino acids in cell culture (SILAC) proteomics analysescoupled with mass spectrometry were employed to search forcellular substrates of NS3-4A.Results: A number of candidate cellular targets have beenidentified by these proteomics approaches. These are currentlybeing validated by different experimental techniques. In parallel,we are in the process of further defining the determinants forsubstrate specificity of the NS3-4A protease.Conclusions: The identification of novel cellular targets of theHCV NS3-4A protase should yield new insights into thepathogenesis of hepatitis C and may reveal novel targets forantiviral intervention.
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