Prospective monitoring of a CD4(+) CD25(high) CD45RO(+) CD127(high) T cell population after first kidney transplantation following thymoglobulin or basiliximab induction

Détails

ID Serval
serval:BIB_EE0E0B9DD549
Type
Actes de conférence (partie): contribution originale à la littérature scientifique, publiée à l'occasion de conférences scientifiques, dans un ouvrage de compte-rendu (proceedings), ou dans l'édition spéciale d'un journal reconnu (conference proceedings).
Sous-type
Abstract (résumé de présentation): article court qui reprend les éléments essentiels présentés à l'occasion d'une conférence scientifique dans un poster ou lors d'une intervention orale.
Collection
Publications
Titre
Prospective monitoring of a CD4(+) CD25(high) CD45RO(+) CD127(high) T cell population after first kidney transplantation following thymoglobulin or basiliximab induction
Titre de la conférence
8th American Transplant Congress
Auteur(s)
Vallotton Laure, Hadaya Karine, Ciuffreda Donatella, Buhler Leo, Venetz Jean-Pierre, Pantaleo Giuseppe, Pascual Manuel
Adresse
Toronto, Canada, May 31-June 4, 2008
ISBN
1600-6135
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
2008
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
8
Série
American Journal of Transplantation
Pages
473
Langue
anglais
Notes
Publication type : Meeting Abstract
Résumé
Introduction: Recent data have suggested that a population of CD4+ CD25high T cells, phenotypically characterized by the expression of CD45RO and CD127, is significantly expanded in stable liver and kidney transplant recipients and represents alloreactive T cells. Induction therapies may have an impact on this alloreactive T cell population. In this study, we prospectively analyzed CD4+ CD25high CD45RO+ CD127high T cells after induction with either thymoglobulin or basiliximab.
Patients & methods: A total of twenty-seven kidney transplant recipients were prospectively enrolled; 14 received thymoglobulin induction followed by a 4-day course of steroids with tacrolimus and mycophenolate mofetil ("thymo group"), and 13 received basiliximab induction followed by standard triple immunosuppression (tacrolimus,
mycophenolate mofetil and prednisone) ("BSX group"). Phenotypical analysis by flow cytometry of the expression of CD25, CD45RO and CD127 on peripheral CD4+ T cells was performed at 0, 3 and 6 months after transplantation. Twenty-four healthy subjects (HS) were studied as controls.
Results: There were no differences in baseline characteristics between the groups; at 6 months, patient survival (100%), graft survival (100%), serum creatinine (thymo versus BSX group: 129 versus 125 μmol/l) and acute rejection (2/14 versus 2/13) were not significantly different. Thymo induction produced a strong CD4 T cell depletion.
As compared to pre-transplantation values, an expansion of the alloreactive T cell population was observed at 3 months in both thymo (mean: from 6.38% to 14.72%) and BSX (from 8.01% to 18.42%) groups. At 6 months, the alloreactive T cell population remained significantly expanded in the thymo group (16.92 ± 2.87%) whereas it tended to decrease in the BSX group (10.22 ± 1.38%).
Conclusion: Overall, our results indicate that the expansion of alloreactive T cells occurs rapidly after transplantation in patients receiving either thymo or BSX induction. Whether differences at later timepoints or whether different IS regimens may modify this alloreactive population remains to be studied.
Mots-clé
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Web of science
Création de la notice
28/12/2010 16:52
Dernière modification de la notice
20/08/2019 16:15
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