Article: article from journal or magazin.
(Poly)acrylonitrile-based hydrogel as a therapeutic bulking agent in urology
Journal Article --- Old month value: Feb
Vesicoureteral reflux and urinary incontinence can be treated by endoscopic injection. Injectables such as collagen and hyaluronic acid-dextranomer are commonly used, however are not offering optimal therapeutic effect yet. In the present study a novel application for poly(acrylonitrile)-based hydrogel (Hypan), already tested in other clinical indications, has been investigated for its aptitude as an injectable bulking agent. This non-degradable, extremely hydrophilic hydrogel has the capacity of a 6-fold swelling once implanted into the body, assuring the bulking effect. Deposits of this bulking agent have been implanted into the submucosal space of the bladder of 6 minipigs and the histological reaction, as well as the physical implant behavior have been studied over a time period of 6 months. The implants have developed the desired bulking effect by the above-described hydrophilic swelling. They have been enclosed into a fine fibrous tissue capsule and provoked a very limited inflammatory reaction. This study has showed that poly(acrylonitrile)-based hydrogel implants injected into the bladder are well tolerated and, due to their defined bulking ability, feasible for the treatment of vesico-ureteral reflux and urinary incontinence. To determine the therapeutic efficiency of this treatment the implants will be studied in a vesicoureteral reflux and urinary incontinence animal model.
Acrylic Resins/*administration & dosage/*chemistry Animals Biocompatible Materials/administration & dosage/chemistry Feasibility Studies Hydrogels/*administration & dosage/*chemistry Materials Testing Swine Swine, Miniature Urinary Bladder/*cytology/*drug effects Urinary Incontinence/drug therapy/pathology Urology/methods
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