Article: article from journal or magazin.
Case report (case report): feedback on an observation with a short commentary.
Les infections endo-artérielles, complications redoutables des infections à salmonelles non typhi [Endarterial infections, redoubtable complications of non-typhi salmonella infections].
Schweizerische Medizinische Wochenschrift
Three cases are reported of salmonella aortitis observed in three men aged 55, 60 and 48 years, the last of whom had a prosthetic aortic valve and ascending aorta. The microorganisms were S. typhi murium, S. paratyphi B, and S. wien. Despite antibiotic treatment two patients died of perforating aortitis. The third patient developed S. wien gastroenteritis a few days after surgical replacement of the aortic valve and the ascending aorta. Five years later he presented with several bacteremic episodes due to S. wien, which recurred despite several courses of cotrimoxazole treatment. He has now been asymptomatic for over one year under prolonged cotrimoxazole treatment. Since vascular infection may occur following non typhi salmonellosis in 5% of patients over 50, or who have underlying endothelial lesions, the question arises as to whether non typhi S. gastroenteritis should be treated with antibiotics in these high risk patients, in contrast to present recommendations.
Ampicillin/therapeutic use, Aortitis/etiology, Aortitis/microbiology, Drug Combinations/therapeutic use, Enteritis/complications, Enteritis/microbiology, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Salmonella/isolation &, purification, Salmonella Infections/drug therapy, Sulfamethoxazole/therapeutic use, Trimethoprim/therapeutic use, Trimethoprim-Sulfamethoxazole Combination
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