Inproceedings: An article in a conference proceedings.
Abstract (Abstract): shot summary in a article that contain essentials elements presented during a scientific conference, lecture or from a poster.
2 years' review of pediatric emergencies admitted in the resuscitation room of a Swiss university hospital
Title of the conference
Joint annual meeting of the foederatio Paedo medicorum helveticorum, Swiss Society of Paediatrics, Swiss Society of Paediatric Surgery, Swiss Society for Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
Montreux, Switzerland, September 1-2, 2011
Swiss Medical Weekly
Introduction: Paediatric resuscitation is an intense, stressful andchallenging process performed in a specific surrounding. In theresuscitation room (RR), a dedicated pediatric team is not alwaysavailable and its composition varies according to local resources. Aregular review of the children admitted in the resuscitation room andthe assessment of various outcome measures are the basis of qualitycontrol (QC). The epidemiology of Potentially Life ThreateningPaediatric (LTP) emergencies admitted in a Swiss university hospitalhas never been reported. The aims of this study were to review theLTP emergency population with regards to origin, patients'demographics, reason for admission and final diagnosis, treatmentmodalities, critical events and outcome.Methods: A retrospective observational cohort study of prospectivelycollected data was conducted, including all LTP emergencies admittedover a period of 2 years in the RR of a Swiss university hospitalfunctioning as a tertiary level referral centre. Multiple variablesincluding indication for transfer, mode of pre-hospital transportation,diagnosis and the time spent in RR were assessed. Data assessmenttook place 2 years after the implementation of a quality control (QC)team assessing the pediatric resuscitations occurring within theinstitution on a monthly basis.Results: Out of 60 939 pediatric emergencies treated in LausanneUniversity Medical center over 2 years, a total of 277 LTP emergencies(0.46%) were admitted to the RR, including 160 boys and 117 girls,aged 6 days to 15.95 years (mean 6.69 years, median 5.06). The tablebelow illustrates in more details the identified problems, average age,time in hospital and outcome of both surgical and medical groups ofpatients.Conclusions: With the need for health care quality improvement andfinancial restrictions, an excellent knowledge of the characteristics ofLTP emergencies is unavoidable. A thorough understanding of theresuscitation process and humans resources involved can be achievedwith a systematic review of the cases. A dedicated quality control teamevaluating LTP emergencies in a hospital will identify areas forimprovement. A LTP registry at the national level would be of greatvalue in Switzerland.
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