Article: article from journal or magazin.
The Schizosaccharomyces pombe cdc14 gene is required for septum formation and can also inhibit nuclear division.
Molecular biology of the cell
A conditional heat-sensitive mutation in the cdc14 gene of the fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe results in failure to form a septum. Cells become highly elongated and multinucleate as growth and nuclear division continue in the absence of cell division. This article describes the cloning of the cdc14 gene and the identification of its product, a protein of 240 amino acids, p28cdc14. A null allele of the cdc14 gene shows that the gene is essential for septum formation and completion of the cell-division cycle. Overexpression of the gene product, p28cdc14, causes cell-cycle arrest in late G2 before mitosis. Cells leaking past the block activate p34cdc2 kinase and show condensed chromosomes, but the normal rearrangements of the microtubules and microfilaments that are associated with the transition from interphase to mitosis do not occur. Overexpression of p28cdc14 in mutants, in which the timing of mitosis is altered, suggests that these effects may be mediated upstream of the mitotic inhibitor wee1. These data are consistent with the idea that p28cdc14 may play a role in both the initiation of mitosis and septum formation and, by doing so, be part of the mechanism that coordinates these two cell-cycle events.
Amino Acid Sequence, Base Sequence, Cell Cycle Proteins, Cell Division, Cloning, Molecular, Fungal Proteins, Gene Expression, Genes, Fungal, Microscopy, Fluorescence, Mitosis, Molecular Sequence Data, Mutation, Phosphoprotein Phosphatases, Protein Tyrosine Phosphatases, Schizosaccharomyces, Schizosaccharomyces pombe Proteins
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