Inproceedings: an article in a conference proceedings.
Poster: Summary – with images – on one page of the results of a researche project. The summaries of the poster must be entered in "Abstract" and not "Poster".
Mesenteric venous thrombosis : MDCT features according to the underlying etiology : P1
Title of the conference
SGR-SSR 2009, 96th Annual Swiss Congress of Radiology
Geneva, Switzerland, June 4-6 2009
Swiss Medical Forum = Forum Médical Suisse
Purpose: To work out certain, well-defined aetiologies frequently associated with mesenteric venous thrombosis (MVT) in order to predict a typical population at risk, since MVT is nowadays often incidentally detected on cross-sectional imaging. To demonstrate the MDCT features, frequency and extent of associated bowel ischemia according to the underlying pathology. Methods and materials: Our electronic database revealed 71 patients (25 women, mean age 55) with thrombosis of the superior and/or inferior mesenteric vein detected by MDCT between 2000 and 2008. Two radiologists jointly reviewed the corresponding MDCT features including intraluminal extension, underlying aetiology and associated bowel ischemia, if present. Results: MVT was associated with carcinoma in 31 (43.7%) patients (pancreas 21.1%, liver 9.9%, others 12.7%). Concomitant inflammation was seen in 15 (21.1%) patients (pancreatitis 11.3%, diverticulitis 4.2%, others 5.6%), whereas coagulation/hematologic disorders were found in 7 (9.9%) patients, liver cirrhosis in 6 (8.5%), mixed/miscellaneous causes in 5 (7%) and still unknown aetiologies in 5 patients (7%). MVT resulted from recent operations in 2 (2.8%) patients. MDCT features of venous bowel ischemia were present in 15 patients (21.1%). 46.5% of MVT were (sub) acute, while 53.5% chronic. The luminal extension was complete in 52.1%, subtotal (>50% of lumen) in 22.5% and partial (<50% of lumen) in 25.4% of patients, consisting either of blood clots (76.1%) or tumoral tissue (23.9%), the latter mainly due to pancreas adenocarcinoma (76.4%). Conclusion: MDCT features of MVT are seen with a wide range of underlying diseases. Signs of intestinal ischemia are infrequently associated, mostly occurring with coagulation/hematologic disorders (40%).
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