Article: article from journal or magazin.
Des antisérums dirigés contre l'antigène carcino-embryonnaire (CEA) peuvent induire une lyse spécifique des cellules de carcinome du côlon par des lymphocytes normaux
Schweizerische Medizinische Wochenschrift
[Antiserums against carcino-embryonic antigen (CEA) can induce a specific lysis of colon carcinoma cells by normal lymphocytes].
Antibody-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity (ADCC) against human colon carcinoma cells grown in vitro was demonstrated with two specific rabbit anti-carcinoembryonic antigen (cea) antisera. The same antisera did not lyse the colon carcinoma cells in the presence of complement but without lymphocytes. The normal human lymphocytes in the absence of anti-CEA antiserum had a very low cytotoxic activity during the three hours 51Cr release assay used in this study. Two colon carcinoma cell lines, HT-29 and Co-115, expressing CEA on their surface as demonstrated by immunofluorescence, were significantly lysed in the ADCC test, whereas control tumor cell lines, not expressing CEA, were not affected by the anti-CEA sera and the lymphocytes. The specificity of the reaction was further demonstrated by the inhibition of antibody-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity after the addition of increasing amounts of purified CEA to the antiserum. The absorption of the anti-CEA antisera was controlled by radioimmunoassay. Absorption of the antisera by normal lung extracts and red cells of different blood groups did not decrease the cytotoxicity.
Animals, Antibody-Dependent Cell Cytotoxicity, Carcinoembryonic Antigen, Cell Line, Colonic Neoplasms/immunology, Humans, Immune Sera, Lymphocytes/immunology, Rabbits/immunology
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