Inproceedings: An article in a conference proceedings.
Abstract (Abstract): shot summary in a article that contain essentials elements presented during a scientific conference, lecture or from a poster.
mTORC2 is an important signaling intermediary in VEGF-mediated endothelial cell proliferation, survival and migration
Title of the conference
99th Annual Congress of the Swiss Society of Surgery
Davos, Switzerland, June 20-22, 2012
British Journal of Surgery
Document Type: Meeting Abstract
Objective: The vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is a prominent¦contributor of tumor angiogenesis. VEGF induces endothelial cell migration,¦proliferation and survival, which are critical steps for the development of new¦blood vessels, through the activation of the Mek/Erk and PI3K/Akt signaling¦pathways. Recent findings have demonstrated that mTORC2 regulates Akt and¦Erk in endothelial cells. The role of mTORC2 in VEGF-mediated endothelial¦cell responses has however not been characterized.¦Methods: We used human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC). The¦effects of VEGF on the Mek/Erk and PI3K/Akt pathway were analyzed by¦Western blot. Inhibition of mTORC2 was achieved using small interfering¦RNAs to rictor. Cell proliferation rate was assessed by BrdU incorporation and¦immunocytofluorescence. Apoptosis rate was determined by ELISA as well as¦propidium iodine staining and FACS analysis. Migration of endothelial cells¦was evaluated using a modified Boyden chamber assay.¦Results:Wefound thatVEGF activatesmTORC2 in endothelial cells. Indeed,¦treatment of endothelial cells with VEGF increases Akt phosphorylation, a¦downstream effector of mTORC2. We have further determined the role¦of mTORC2 in VEGF signaling by knocking down rictor, a component¦of mTORC2. We observed that VEGF failed to activate Akt and Erk in¦endothelial cells transfected with rictor siRNA. To next analyze the functional¦significance of mTORC2 inhibition on VEGF-mediated endothelial cell¦responses we performed proliferation, survival and migration assays. We found¦that VEGF failed to induce endothelial cell proliferation, survival and migration¦in endothelial cell lacking mTORC2 activity.¦Conclusion: These results show that mTORC2 is an important signaling¦intermediary in VEGF-induced endothelial cell responses and thus represents¦an interesting target to block VEGF-induced angiogenesis.
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