Article: article from journal or magazin.
Improved detection of Rhodococcus coprophilus with a new quantitative PCR assay.
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
Agricultural practices, such as spreading liquid manure or the utilisation of land as animal pastures, can result in faecal contamination of water resources. Rhodococcus coprophilus is used in microbial source tracking to indicate animal faecal contamination in water. Methods previously described for detecting of R. coprophilus in water were neither sensitive nor specific. Therefore, the aim of this study was to design and validate a new quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) to improve the detection of R. coprophilus in water. The new PCR assay was based on the R. coprophilus 16S rRNA gene. The validation showed that the new approach was specific and sensitive for deoxyribunucleic acid from target host species. Compared with other PCR assays tested in this study, the detection limit of the new qPCR was between 1 and 3 log lower. The method, including a filtration step, was further validated and successfully used in a field investigation in Switzerland. Our work demonstrated that the new detection method is sensitive and robust to detect R. coprophilus in surface and spring water. Compared with PCR assays that are available in the literature or to the culture-dependent method, the new molecular approach improves the detection of R. coprophilus.
Animals, Bacteriological Techniques/methods, DNA, Bacterial/genetics, DNA, Ribosomal/genetics, RNA, Ribosomal, 16S/genetics, Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction/methods, Rhodococcus/classification, Rhodococcus/genetics, Sensitivity and Specificity, Switzerland, Water Microbiology, Water Pollution
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