Article: article from journal or magazin.
Long-Term Follow-Up of Choroidal Neovascularization in Pathological Myopia Treated with Intravitreal Ranibizumab.
Klinische Monatsblatter Fur Augenheilkunde
Publication types: ARTICLE Publication Status: ppublish
Background: The purpose of this contribution is to report our functional results on the efficacy of intravitreal ranibizumab for submacular choroidal neovessels (CNV) in high myopia, and to compare the roles of optical coherence tomography (OCT), fluorescein angiography and visual acuity changes in the treatment decision prior to each injection. Patients and Methods: This is a retrospective study performed in Jules Gonin Eye Hospital. It included all patients with myopic CNV treated with intravitreal ranibizumab injections with a minimum follow-up of 24 months. After an induction dosing from 1 to 3 injections, the follow-up was based on a pro re nata regimen. Ophthalmic evaluation, best corrected visual acuity, and OCT were done at each visit, and fluorescein angiography at baseline and if neovascular activity was suspected. Retreatment criteria included metamorphopsia, visual loss of ≥ 5 ETDRS letters, any fluid on OCT and/or leakage on fluorescein angiography. Results: 24 eyes were included in the study. Mean follow-up was 49 months. Mean visual acuity improved significantly from 62.8 ± 13.8 letters at baseline to 72.8 ± 12.9 letters at last follow-up visit (p = 0.001). The mean number of injections was 2.2 in the first year and below 1 for the following years. The sensitivities of fluorescein angiography, SD OCT, and visual acuity loss ≥ 5 letters were 62.6 %, 51.4 %, and 40 %, respectively. The fluorescein angiography showed a significantly higher sensitivity in treatment decision than OCT (p = 0.007). Conclusion: Our study has shown that ranibizumab injections provide a significant long-term visual benefit in myopic CNV with a small number of injections. Fluorescein angiography has a preponderant role in the treatment decision of active myopic CNV.
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