Article: article from journal or magazin.
Review (review): journal as complete as possible of one specific subject, written based on exhaustive analyses from published work.
Lipoproteins and mitogen-activated protein kinase signaling: a role in atherogenesis?
Current opinion in lipidology
Publication types: Journal Article ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't ; Review - Publication Status: ppublish
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Lipoproteins play a critical role in the development of atherosclerosis, which might result partly from their capacity to induce specific intracellular signaling pathways. The goal of this review is to summarize the signaling properties of lipoproteins, in particular, their capacity to induce activation of mitogen-activated protein kinase pathways and the resulting modulation of cellular responses in blood vessel cells. RECENT FINDINGS: Lipoproteins activate the extracellular signal-regulated kinase and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase pathways in all blood vessel cell types. This may require lipoprotein docking to scavenger receptor B1, allowing transfer of cholesterol and sphingosine-1-phosphate to plasma membranes. Subsequent propagation of the signals probably requires the stimulation of G protein-coupled receptors, followed by the transactivation of receptor tyrosine kinases. Lipoprotein-induced extracellular signal-regulated kinase activity favors cell proliferation, whereas lipoprotein-induced p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase activity leads to cell hyperplasia and promotes cell migration. Some signaling pathways and cellular effects induced by lipoproteins have been observed in atherosclerotic plaques and therefore represent potential targets for the development of anti-atherosclerotic drugs. SUMMARY: The main blood vessel cell types have the capacity to activate protein kinase pathways in the presence of lipoproteins. This induces cell proliferation, hyperplasia and migration, known to be dysregulated in atherosclerotic lesions.
Animals, Atherosclerosis, Humans, Lipoproteins, MAP Kinase Signaling System, Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases
Web of science
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