Article: article from journal or magazin.
Distinctive role of integrin-mediated adhesion in TNF-induced PKB/Akt and NF-kappaB activation and endothelial cell survival.
Publication types: Journal Article ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't - Publication Status: ppublish
Tumor necrosis factor (TNF) is a pro-inflammatory cytokine exerting pleiotropic effects on endothelial cells. Depending on the vascular context it can induce endothelial cell activation and survival or death. The microenvironmental cues determining whether endothelial cells will survive or die, however, have remained elusive. Here we report that integrin ligation acts permissive for TNF-induced protein kinase B (PKB/Akt) but not nuclear factor (NF)-kappaB activation. Concomitant activation of PKB/Akt and NF-kappaB is essential for the survival of endothelial cells exposed to TNF. Active PKB/Akt strengthens integrin-dependent endothelial cell adhesion, whereas disruption of actin stress fibers abolishes the protective effect of PKB/Akt. Integrin-mediated adhesion also represses TNF-induced JNK activation, but JNK activity is not required for cell death. The alphaVbeta3/alphaVbeta5 integrin inhibitor EMD121974 sensitizes endothelial cells to TNF-dependent cytotoxicity and active PKB/Akt attenuates this effect. Interferon gamma synergistically enhanced TNF-induced endothelial cell death in all conditions tested. Taken together, these observations reveal a novel permissive role for integrins in TNF-induced PKB/Akt activation and prevention of TNF-induced death distinct of NF-kappaB, and implicate the actin cytoskeleton in PKB/Akt-mediated cell survival. The sensitizing effect of EMD121974 on TNF cytotoxicity may open new perspectives to the therapeutic use of TNF as anticancer agent.
Actins, Apoptosis, Blotting, Western, Cell Adhesion, Cells, Cultured, Cytoskeleton, Electrophoretic Mobility Shift Assay, Endothelium, Vascular, Flow Cytometry, Humans, In Situ Nick-End Labeling, Integrin alphaVbeta3, Integrins, MAP Kinase Kinase 4, NF-kappa B, Phosphorylation, Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt, Receptors, Vitronectin, Signal Transduction, Spheroids, Cellular, Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
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