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Comparison of syringopleural and syringosubarachnoid shunting in the treatment of syringomyelia in children
Journal of Neurosurgery
Journal Article --- Old month value: Apr
Case records from the Montreal Children's Hospital containing the diagnosis of shunted syringomyelia were retrospectively reviewed. From 1984 to 1994, 31 patients had their syrinx treated by either syringopleural (19 cases, Group A) or syringosubarachnoid (13 cases, Group B) shunting. One patient was included in both groups. Associated diagnoses included: in Group A, two cases of Chiari I and 14 of Chiari II malformations, 14 cases of shunted hydrocephalus, 13 cases of spina bifida aperta, and three cases of spina bifida occulta; Group B, four cases of Chiari I and two of Chiari II malformations, four cases of shunted hydrocephalus, two cases of spina bifida aperta, and five cases of spina bifida occulta. Eight Group A and six Group B patients had undergone prior posterior fossa decompression. Motor deficits predominated in both groups and arachnoiditis was a uniform operative finding. Neurological follow-up examinations showed 11 Group A patients improved and eight stabilized, whereas on magnetic resonance imaging, 12 cavities appeared to have collapsed, five were markedly reduced, and one had increased. One patient underwent reoperation for pleural effusions and one for shunt displacement. In Group B, one patient improved, eight stabilized, three worsened neurologically, and one was lost to follow-up review. Radiologically, one cavity appeared to have collapsed, six were significantly reduced, two were unchanged, and three had enlarged. The authors conclude that syringopleural shunting is a valuable option for controlling syringomyelia in patients without Chiari malformation or in patients who have previously undergone a craniovertebral decompression or are otherwise asymptomatic from their Chiari malformation.
Adolescent Cerebrospinal Fluid Shunts/*methods Child Child, Preschool Female Follow-Up Studies Humans Infant Male Spinal Cord/*surgery Syringomyelia/*surgery
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