Inproceedings: An article in a conference proceedings.
Poster: Summary – with images – on one page of the results of a researche project. The summaries of the poster must be entered in "Abstract" and not "Poster".
Differential effects of immunosuppressive drugs on effector and regulatory T cells.
Title of the conference
Annual Meeting of the Swiss Society of Nephrology
Annual meeting of the Swiss Society of NephrologyLugano, Switzerland, December 1-3, 2010
Swiss Medical Weekly
Purpose: Current experimental data suggest that CD4+CD25+Foxp3+regulatory T cells (Tregs) based immunotherapy would be of greatinterest to promote donor-specific immune tolerance in transplantation(Tx). Whether and how adoptive transfer of Tregs could be bestcombined with current immunosuppressive regimens in clinicalsettings remains to be defined. Using an experimental Tx model,we had previously shown that the transfer of antigen-specific Tregspromoted long-term skin allograft acceptance in lymphopenic mice,in the absence of any immunosuppressive drug. However, allograftsurvival was only slightly prolonged when Tregs were transferredalone into non-lymphopenic mice, suggesting that in more stringentconditions such as in clinical settings adjuvant therapies may beneeded to effectively control alloreactive T cells (Teff).Methods and Materials: Here we have investigated the effects ofvarious immunosuppressive drugs on the survival, proliferation andeffector function of Teff and Tregs in response to alloantigens in in vitroassays and in our in vivo Tx model.Results: Teff proliferation was inhibited in a dose-dependant mannerby rapamycin and cyclosporine A, while anti-CD154 only marginallyaffected Teff proliferation and survival in vitro. Rapamycin promotedapoptosis of Teff as compared to Tregs that were more resistant underthe same culture conditions. In vivo, the transfer of donor-specificTregs could be advantageously combined with rapamycin andanti-CD154 to significantly prolong MHC-mismatched skin allograftsurvival in non-lymphopenic recipients.Conclusion: Taken together, our data indicate thatimmunosuppressive drugs differentially target T-cell subsets and couldpromote Tregs expansion and/or function while controlling the Teff pool.
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