Inproceedings: An article in a conference proceedings.
Abstract (Abstract): shot summary in a article that contain essentials elements presented during a scientific conference, lecture or from a poster.
Successful bilateral lung transplantation after previous pneumonectomy
Title of the conference
98th Annual Congress of the Swiss Society of Surgery
Geneva, Switzerland, May 25-27, 2011
British Journal of Surgery
Publication type : Meeting Abstract
Objective: To present the feasibility of bilateral lung transplantation after previously performed pneumonectomy.Methods: A 32 years old women underwent right pneumonectomy for bronchiectasis-related destroyed lung. Eight months later, she developed a vascular post-pneumonectomy syndrome and underwent realigning of the mediastinum by an intrathoracic expander that was complicated by an adult respiratory distress syndrome of the left lung requiring mechanical ventilation, arterio-venous CO2 removal (Novalung) and finally bilateral lung transplantation. Via clamshell incision, the post-pneumonectomy cavity was dissected and the superior vena cava (SVC) and carina were exposed. The pulmonary vessel stumps were dissected intrapericardically after realization of a right-sided hemi-pericardectomy. Extracorporeal circulation was started after central cannulation of the aorta and the inferior vena cava. A right upper lobe sleeve resection of the donor lung was performed. The intermediate bronchus was then implanted in the dissected recipient carina after realization of a hilar release maneuver. The right pulmonary artery was clamped between SVC andthe ascending aorta followed by end -to-end anastomosis of the donor and recipient artery and left atrial cuffs, respectively. Satisfactory graft function allowed decanulation and standard transplantation of the left lung without extracorporeal circulation.Results: Bronchoscopy and trans-esophageal echocardiography demonstrated a patent airway and vascular anastomoses without stenosis. Follow-up revealed excellent gas exchanges, no airway complications and well-functioning grafts on both sides with right-sided ventilation and perfusion two months after transplantation of 37% and 22%, respectively.Conclusion: This is to our knowledge the first report of successful bilateral lung transplantation after previous pneumonectomy unrelated to transplantation.
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