Article: article from journal or magazin.
Selective use of temporary intravascular shunts in coincident vascular and orthopedic upper and lower limb trauma
Journal of Trauma
Journal Article --- Old url value: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&dopt=Citation&list_uids=10421190 --- Old month value: Jul
BACKGROUND: Combined vascular and skeletal injuries are associated with a high limb loss rate. One of the major factors resulting in amputation is frequently because the allowable warm ischemia time for skeletal muscle is exceeded before adequate revascularization. METHODS: Temporary vascular shunting has been used in selected patients with complete ischemia to minimize the ischemic time of the injured limb, allowing identification of vital structures, thorough debridement, and rigid internal fixation before definitive vascular repair. RESULTS: Five male and two female patients with a median age of 46 years (range, 27-76 years) admitted with combined orthopedic and vascular injuries of the upper limbs in four and the lower limbs in three patients underwent primary vascular shunting. The median ischemic time for all patients was 180 minutes (range, 120-210 minutes). Shunt insertion was accomplished in all cases within 30 minutes. Median dwell time for the shunt was 185 minutes (range, 90-390 minutes). No shunt-related complications or limb loss occurred. During follow-up ranging from 2 to 24 months, all vascular repairs remained patent. All fractures healed primarily, except for one patient in whom a necrosis of the humeral head occurred. Five patients had an excellent and two patients a good result. CONCLUSION: Initial temporary vascular shunting in selected patients with combined skeletal and vascular injury of the upper or lower limb may reduce the complications resulting from prolonged ischemia and permits an unhurried and reasonable sequence of treatment.
Adult Aged Arm/*blood supply Arm Injuries/*surgery Arteries/*injuries/surgery Female Fractures, Bone/complications/*surgery Humans Leg/*blood supply Leg Injuries/*surgery Male Middle Aged *Stents Vascular Surgical Procedures/instrumentation/methods
Web of science
Last modification date