Inproceedings: an article in a conference proceedings.
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Review of CT features of saprophytic aspergillosis (Aspergilloma) and correlation with final diagnosis : P21
Title of the conference
SGR-SSR 2009, 96th Annual Swiss Congress of Radiology
Geneva, Switzerland, June 4-6, 2009
Swiss Medical Forum = Forum Médical Suisse
Purpose: 1. To review Ct features suggestive of saprophytic aspergillosis (aspergilloma) and to correlate them with the final pathological results. 2. To illustrate the wide range of differential diagnosis. Methods and materials: The electronic database of our department from 1995 to 2007 revealed CT reports of 48 patients that had been considered very suggestive of aspergilloma. Two radiologists with 6 and 12 years experience in thoracic radiology jointly reviewed the corresponding CT features including ancillary findings and the underlying lung diseases and correlated them with the final pathological diagnosis. Results: Forty patients could be included in the study (12 women, mean age 52), while in 8 patients there was no adequate clinical follow-up. In 17 patients the diagnosis "mycetoma" due to aspergillus fumigatus infection was confirmed, either by surgery, biopsy or bronchoscopy. In 23 patients, differential diagnoses were found, such as cavitating bronchial carcinoma (n = 7), bacterial abscess (n = 3), typical (n = 2) and atypical (n = 2) tuberculosis, as well as inflammatory changes due to mucoviscidosis (n = 1), Wegener's disease (n = 1) or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (n = 3). Fibromyxoide hamartoma, lung infarction and bronchomucocele were responsible for the typical CT feature in one patient each. Conclusion: 1. The typical CT feature suggesting mycetoma is softtissue proliferation within a pre-existing wall-thickened lung cavity, oten even considered "pathognomonic". However, this diagnosis was finally confirmed by surgery or laboratory findings in less than 50% of patients only. 2. Since differential diagnoses are very large, not only including cavitating lung cancer and tuberculosis, the individual underlying lung disease needs strongly being taken into account often giving the best clue for the correct diagnosis.
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