Social and academic premorbid adjustment domains predict different functional outcomes among youth with first episode mania.

Détails

ID Serval
serval:BIB_E5E7A1BC666B
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Titre
Social and academic premorbid adjustment domains predict different functional outcomes among youth with first episode mania.
Périodique
Journal of affective disorders
Auteur(s)
Ratheesh A., Davey C.G., Daglas R., Macneil C., Hasty M., Filia K., McGorry P.D., Berk M., Conus P., Cotton S.
ISSN
1573-2517 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
0165-0327
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
09/2017
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
219
Pages
133-140
Langue
anglais
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article
Publication Status: ppublish
Résumé
Premorbid characteristics may help predict the highly variable functional and illness outcomes of young people with early stage Bipolar Disorder (BD). We sought to examine the relationships between premorbid adjustment and short to medium-term outcomes after a first treated episode of mania.
We examined the baseline and 18-month follow-up characteristics of 117 participants with first episode of mania, treated at two tertiary early intervention services in Melbourne, Australia. The baseline demographic, family history, diagnoses, comorbidity and clinical features were determined using unstructured questionnaires and structured diagnostic interviews. Premorbid adjustment was determined using the Premorbid Adjustment Scale (PAS), the components of which were identified using a principal component analysis. Eighteen-month follow-up outcome measures included the Clinical Global Impressions scale, Social and Occupational Functioning Assessment Scale and the Heinrichs' Quality of Life Scale (QLS). Correlations and linear regressions were utilised to examine the relationships between component scores and outcomes, while controlling for baseline and follow-up confounders.
The social adjustment component of the PAS correlated with the interpersonal relations (r javax.xml.bind.JAXBElement@27e7a8dc = -0.46, p<0.001) domain of QLS while the academic adjustment component of the PAS correlated with the vocational functioning domain of QLS (r javax.xml.bind.JAXBElement@55cf9f9d =-0.39, p = 0.004). Premorbid adjustment did not predict illness severity or objective functioning.
Lack of information on cognition, personality factors and prodromal symptoms limited the assessment of their impact on outcomes.
Impairments in domains of premorbid adjustment may be early markers of persistent difficulties in social and vocational functioning and may benefit from targeted interventions.

Mots-clé
Academic Performance/psychology, Adolescent, Adult, Bipolar Disorder/psychology, Female, Humans, Male, Psychotic Disorders/psychology, Quality of Life, Social Adjustment, Surveys and Questionnaires, Victoria, Young Adult, Bipolar, Depression, Functioning, Prediction, Premorbid adjustment, Psychotic mania
Pubmed
Web of science
Création de la notice
01/06/2017 14:26
Dernière modification de la notice
20/08/2019 17:09
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