Article: article from journal or magazin.
Review (review): journal as complete as possible of one specific subject, written based on exhaustive analyses from published work.
Hypertoniebehandlung bei Nierenarterienstenose [Hypertension therapy in patients with renal artery stenosis].
Therapeutische Umschau. Revue Thérapeutique
Publication types: English Abstract ; Journal Article ; ReviewPublication Status: ppublish
Renovascular hypertension is due to reduced renal parenchymal perfusion. The correct diagnosis can be difficult. It is important to note that the demonstration of renal artery stenosis in a patient with hypertension does not necessarily constitute renovascular hypertension. Often, clinically nonsignificant and asymptomatic renal artery stenosis are found in patients with essential hypertension, or renal failure of other origin. Renovascular disease is a complex disorder with various clinical presentations. In patients with significant renovascular hypertension plasma renin is increased. For this reason the therapy aims to block the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system. Bilateral renal artery stenosis causes renal sodium retention. In this situation a diuretic drug has to be added to the therapy. Endovascular or surgical therapy has to be considered in patients with flash pulmonary edema or fibromuscular dysplasia. The control of cardiovascular risk factors is important.
Antihypertensive Agents/adverse effects, Antihypertensive Agents/therapeutic use, Blood Pressure/drug effects, Diuretics/therapeutic use, Glomerular Filtration Rate/drug effects, Humans, Hypertension, Renovascular/drug therapy, Kidney/blood supply, Renal Artery Obstruction/drug therapy, Renin/blood, Renin-Angiotensin System/drug effects, Risk Factors
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