Article: article from journal or magazin.
Calcitic nanofibers in soils and caves : a putative fungal contribution to carbonatogenesis
Geological Society of London, Special Publications
Tufas and Speleothems: Unravelling the Microbial and Physical Controls H. M. PEDLEY and M. ROGERSON University of Hull, UK
The origin of soil mineralized nanofibres remains controversial. It is attributed to either biogenic factors or physicochemical processes. Scanning electron microscope and transmission electron microscope observations show that nanofibres could originate from the breakdown of fungal hyphae, especially its cell wall. It is hypothesized that during the decay of organic matter, cell wall microfibrils are released in the soil where they are exposed to mineralizing pore fluids, leading to their calcitic pseudomorphosis and/or are used as a template for calcite precipitation. When associated with needle fibre calcite bundles, nanofibres could indicate the relict of an organic sheath in which calcite has precipitated. This paper emphasizes the important roles of both organic matter and fungi in carbonatogenesis, and consequently in the soil carbon cycle.
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