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Impact of hollow-fiber membrane surface area on oxygenator performance: Dideco D903 Avant versus a prototype with larger surface area
Journal of Extra-Corporeal Technology
Journal Article --- Old month value: Sep
This study compares the gas transfer capacity, the blood trauma, and the blood path resistance of the hollow-fiber membrane oxygenator Dideco D 903 with a surface area of 1.7 m2 (oxygenator 1.7) versus a prototype built on the same principles but with a surface area of 2 m2 (oxygenator 2). Six calves (mean body weight: 68.2 +/- 3.2 kg) were connected to cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) by jugular venous and carotid arterial cannulation, with a mean flow rate of 4 l/min for 6 h. They were randomly assigned to oxygenator 1.7 (N = 3) or 2 (N = 3). After 7 days, the animals were sacrificed. A standard battery of blood samples was taken before the bypass, throughout the bypass, and 24 h, 48 h, and 7 days after the bypass. The oxygenator 2 group showed significantly better total oxygen and carbon dioxide transfer values throughout the perfusion (p < .001 for both comparison). Hemolytic parameters (lactate dehydrogenase and free plasma hemoglobin) exhibited a slight but significant increase after 5 h of bypass in the oxygenator 1.7 group. The pressure drop through the oxygenator was low in both groups (range, 43-74 mmHg). With this type of hollow-fiber membrane oxygenator, an increased surface of gas exchange from 1.7 m2 to 2 m2 improves gas transfer, with a limited impact on blood trauma and no increase of blood path resistance.
Animals Carbon Dioxide/blood Cardiopulmonary Bypass/*instrumentation Cattle *Membranes, Artificial Oxygen/blood *Oxygenators, Membrane *Technology, Medical United States
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