Inproceedings: an article in a conference proceedings.
Abstract (Abstract): shot summary in a article that contain essentials elements presented during a scientific conference, lecture or from a poster.
Characterization of a new potential virulence factor of Microsporum canis, the secreted subtilisin Sub6
Title of the conference
5th Congress on Trends in Medical Mycology
Valencia, Spain, October 2-5, 2011
Publication type : Meeting Abstract
Background: Microsporum canis is a dermatophyte responsible for cutaneous superficial mycoses in domestic carnivores and humans. The pathogenesis of dermatophytoses, including M. canis infections, remains poorly understood. Secreted proteases including members of the subtilisin family are thought to be involved in the infection process. In particular the subtilisin Sub6 could represent a major virulence factor.Objective: The aim of this work was to (i) isolate the M. canis SUB6 genomic DNA and cDNA (ii) produce Sub6 as a recombinant protease (rSub6) and (iii) produce a specific anti-Sub6 polyclonal serum. Material and methods: Genomic SUB6 was amplified by PCR using specific primers and M. canis IHEM 21239 DNA as a target. The SUB6 cDNA was obtained by reverse transcriptase (RT)-PCR using total RNA extracted from the same M. canis strain grown in liquid medium containing feline keratin as unique nitrogen source. Both SUB6 cDNA and genomic DNA were sequenced. The SUB6 cDNA was cloned in pPICZA to produce recombinant Sub6 (rSub6) in Pichia pastoris KM71. This protease rSub6 was produced in methanol medium at a yield of 30 mg ml)1 and purified by anion exchange chromatography using a DEAE-sepharose column. Polyclonal antibodies against purified rSub6 were produced in a rabbit using a standard immunization procedure with saponin as the adjuvant. Seventy days after the first immunization, serum was collected and IgG were purified by affinity chromatography.Results: The coding sequence for M. canis SUB6 from genomic DNA contains 1410 bp and 3 introns, while the cDNA contains a 1221 bp open reading frame. Deduced amino acid sequence analysis revealed that Sub6 is synthesized as a 406 amino acids preproprotein. The predicted catalytic domain has 286 amino acids, a molecular mass of 29.1 kDa and five potential N-glycosylation sites. SDS-PAGE of rSub6 revealed a single polypeptide chain with an apparent molecular mass of 37 kDa. Purified rabbit IgG were shown to be specific for Sub6 using ELISA.Conclusion: We have characterized for the first time Sub6 from a dermatophyte species as a recombinant secreted active enzyme and purified it until homogeneity. Active rSub6 and Sub6 specific antiserum will be used to further study the role of M. canis Sub6 protease in pathogenesis, notably the pattern of in vivo Sub6 secretion in different host species.
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