Article: article from journal or magazin.
Caspase independence of radio-induced cell death.
Publication types: Journal Article ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't Publication Status: ppublish
Colon carcinoma cells subjected to gamma-irradiation (4 Gy) manifest signs of apoptosis (caspase activation, chromatin condensation, phosphatidylserine (PS) exposure on the cell surface, sub-diploid DNA content), correlating with their radiosensitivity, which is increased in cells lacking the 14-3-3sigma protein as compared to wild-type controls. Inhibition of caspases by addition of Z-Val-Ala-DL-Asp (OMe)-fluoromethylketone, by stable transfection with the Baculovirus gene coding for p35, or by Bax knockout reduced all signs of apoptosis, yet failed to suppress radio-induced micro- and multinucleation. Moreover, pharmacological caspase inhibition, p35 expression or Bax knockout had no effect on the clonogenic survival that was reduced by gamma-irradiation and caspase inhibition failed to abolish the increased radiosensitivity of 14-3-3sigma-deficient cells. Micro- and multinucleation was detectable among non-apoptotic cells lacking PS exposure, as well as among cells undergoing apoptosis. Moreover, a fraction of micro- or multinucleated cells manifested caspase activation, and videomicroscopic analyses revealed that such cells could succumb to caspase-dependent apoptosis. Altogether, these results suggest that genomic instability induced by gamma-irradiation can trigger apoptosis, although apoptosis is dispensable for radio-induced clonogenic death.
Amino Acid Chloromethyl Ketones/pharmacology, Apoptosis/drug effects, Apoptosis/radiation effects, Caspase Inhibitors, Caspases/physiology, Enzyme Activation, Gamma Rays, HCT116 Cells, Humans, Phosphatidylserines/pharmacology, Radiation Tolerance
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