Article: article from journal or magazin.
Cardiovascular effects of fentanyl in conscious rats
Pflügers Archiv : European Journal of Physiology
The polymicrobial sepsis induced by cecal ligation and puncture (CLP) in the rat is widely used in shock research. For ethical reasons, narcotic analgesics are often administered in this model, with the potential risk of confounding effects. In conscious non-septic rats, we investigated the cardiovascular effects of a continuous i.v. infusion of fentanyl (20 microg/kg per h) administered with fluid loading (10 ml/kg per h) for 24 h, a regimen commonly applied in rat CLP. Animals were randomly allocated to receive analgesia with fluid loading (Fentanyl group), or fluid loading alone (Control). All endpoints were assessed after 24 h of infusion. At that time, Control animals had mild respiratory alkalosis, which was essentially abolished by fentanyl. Analgesia mildly elevated the plasma norepinephrine levels [median (interquartile range): Control 232 pg/ml (0-292), Fentanyl 302 pg/ml (234-676), P=0.045] but was devoid of any effect on blood pressure, heart rate, cardiac output (mean +/-SD: Control 388+/-61 ml/kg per min, Fentanyl 382+/-62 ml/kg per min, P=0.87) and indices of left ventricular function derived from high-fidelity recordings of left ventricular pressure (dP/dtmax: Control 11782+/-2324 mmHg/s, Fentanyl 12107+/-2816 mmHg/s, P=0.77). In ex vivo experiments carried out immediately after animal sacrifice, no differences were noted between the Control and Fentanyl groups in the sensitivity of endothelium-intact aortic rings to norepinephrine-induced vasoconstriction (-logEC50: Control 8.78+/-0.28, Fentanyl 8.83+/-0.26, P=0.52) or acetylcholine-induced vasodilatation (-logEC50: Control 7.00+/-0.37, Fentanyl 7.06+/-0.26+/-0.53, P=0.75). In conclusion, the present data provide no contraindication, and even some support for the ethical use of a high dose i.v. infusion of fentanyl in cardiovascular studies of conscious catheterized rats undergoing CLP or other painful procedures.
Acetylcholine/pharmacology Analgesia Analgesics, Opioid/administration & dosage/*pharmacology Animals Aorta/drug effects/physiology Blood Pressure/drug effects Cardiac Output/drug effects Cardiovascular System/*drug effects Fentanyl/administration & dosage/*pharmacology Heart Rate/drug effects Male Norepinephrine/blood/pharmacology Rats Rats, Wistar Vasodilation/drug effects
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