Article: article from journal or magazin.
The MyD88 protein 88 pathway is differently involved in immune responses induced by distinct substrains of Leishmania major.
European Journal of Immunology
Host resistance to Leishmania major is highly dependent on the development of a Th1 immune response. The TLR adaptator myeloid differentiation protein 88 (MyD88) has been implicated in the Th1 immune response associated with the resistant phenotype observed in C57BL/6 mice after infection with L. major. To investigate whether the MyD88 pathway is differentially used by distinct substrains of parasites, MyD88(-/-) C57BL/6 mice were infected with two substrains of L. major, namely L. major LV39 and L. major IR75. MyD88(-/-) mice were susceptible to both substrains of L. major, although with different kinetics of infection. The mechanisms involved during the immune response associated with susceptibility of MyD88(-/-) mice to L. major is however, parasite substrain-dependent. Susceptibility of MyD88(-/-) mice infected with L. major IR75 is a consequence of Th2 immune-deviation, whereas susceptibility of MyD88(-/-) mice to infection with L. major LV39 resulted from an impaired Th1 response. Depletion of regulatory T cells (Treg) partially restored IFN-gamma secretion and the Th1 immune response in MyD88(-/-) mice infected with L. major LV39, demonstrating a role of Treg activity in the development of an impaired Th1 response in these mice.
Animals, Cytokines/biosynthesis, Disease Susceptibility/immunology, Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay, Female, Leishmania major/immunology, Leishmaniasis, Cutaneous/immunology, Mice, Mice, Inbred BALB C, Mice, Inbred C57BL, Myeloid Differentiation Factor 88/immunology, Signal Transduction/immunology, T-Lymphocyte Subsets/immunology
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