Good recovery from aphasia is also supported by right basal ganglia: a longitudinal controlled PET study. EJPRM-ESPRM 2008 award winner.

Détails

ID Serval
serval:BIB_E006429DDF75
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Titre
Good recovery from aphasia is also supported by right basal ganglia: a longitudinal controlled PET study. EJPRM-ESPRM 2008 award winner.
Périodique
European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Auteur(s)
De Boissezon X., Marie N., Castel-Lacanal E., Marque P., Bezy C., Gros H., Lotterie J.A., Cardebat D., Puel M., Demonet J.F.
ISSN
1973-9095 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
1973-9087
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
2009
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
45
Numéro
4
Pages
547-558
Langue
anglais
Notes
Publication types: Controlled Clinical Trial ; Journal Article ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov'tPublication Status: ppublish
Résumé
AIM: It has long been a matter of debate whether recovery from aphasia after left perisylvian lesion is mediated by perilesional left hemispheric regions or by right homologous areas. To investigate the neural substrates of aphasia recovery, a longitudinal study in patients after a left single perisylvian stroke was performed.
METHODS: Thirteen aphasic patients were H2(15)O PET-scanned twice at a one year interval during a word generation task. Patients are divided into two groups according to language performance for the word generation task at PET2. For the Good Recovery (GR) group, patients' performances are indistinguishable from those of normal subjects, while patients from the Poor Recovery (PR) group keep language disorders. Using SPM2, Language-Rest contrast is computed for both groups at both PET stages. Then, Session Effect contrast (TEP2-TEP1>0) is calculated for both groups.
RESULTS: For the GR group, the Session Effect contrast shows an increase of activations in the left Postero-Superior Temporal Gyrus PSTG but also in the right thalamus and lenticular nuclei; for PR patients, the right lenticular nucleus activation is more important at PET1 than PET2.
CONCLUSIONS: The crucial role of the left temporal activation is confirmed and its increase is linked to behavioural recovery. The role of the right basal ganglia to support good recovery from aphasia is a new finding. Their activation may be more task-dependant and related to inhibition of the right frontal cortex.
Mots-clé
Adult, Aged, Aphasia/etiology, Aphasia/physiopathology, Basal Ganglia/radionuclide imaging, Female, Humans, Longitudinal Studies, Male, Middle Aged, Outcome Assessment (Health Care), Positron-Emission Tomography, Predictive Value of Tests, Recovery of Function, Risk Factors, Stroke/psychology, Stroke/radionuclide imaging, Time Factors
Pubmed
Web of science
Création de la notice
24/03/2013 20:23
Dernière modification de la notice
03/03/2018 22:05
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