Article: article from journal or magazin.
Unaltered glucose-induced thermogenesis in Graves' disease.
American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
The thermogenic response to a 100-g oral glucose challenge was studied in 12 patients with Graves' disease using continuous indirect calorimetry. Seven hyperthyroid patients were reinvestigated under the same experimental conditions after medical therapy. The mean net increase in energy expenditure (delta EE) following the glucose challenge was the same in hyperthyroid patients as compared to a control group (delta EE = +0.15 +/- 0.02 and 0.15 +/- 0.01 kcal/min, respectively) and the treated patients (delta EE = +0.11 +/- 0.03 kcal/min ns). When expressed as a percentage of the energy content of the glucose challenge, the mean glucose induced thermogenesis was similar in all three groups: 7.0 +/- 1.0%, 7.4 +/- 0.5%, and 5.5 +/- 1.3% in hyperthyroid, control subjects, and treated patients, respectively. It is concluded that the high energy requirement of hyperthyroid patients is due primarily to an elevated resting energy expenditure. The postprandial thermogenesis in itself does not contribute to the elevated fuel utilization in Graves' disease.
Adult, Antithyroid Agents/therapeutic use, Body Temperature Regulation/drug effects, Energy Metabolism/drug effects, Female, Glucose/diagnostic use, Graves Disease/drug therapy, Graves Disease/metabolism, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Pulmonary Gas Exchange, Rest, Triiodothyronine/blood
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