Inproceedings: an article in a conference proceedings.
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Synthesis of F-18-labeled cyclic-[RGDfK] peptides for PET imaging of angiogenesis
Title of the conference
19th International Symposium on Radiopharmaceutical Sciences
Amsterdam, Netherlands, August 28-September 2, 2011
Journal of Labelled Compounds and Radiopharmaceuticals
Publication type : Meeting Abstract
Objectives: αvβ3 integrin is of great interest for tumor targeting because of its high concentration in tumor tissue. It recognizes ligands containing an arginine-glycine-aspartate motif (RGD), and a number of RGD-containing peptides have been developed as PET imaging probes of angiogenesis. We synthesized a series of 18F-labeled cyclic-[RGDfK] peptides for in vivo imaging of αvβ3 expression. Our F-18 labeled prosthetic groups were attached to the αvβ3 ligand via click chemistry, and the reaction conditions (time, temperature, solvent and pH) were optimized by using single modified amino acids.Methods: Seven amino acids were selected considering their different biochemical properties (polarity, total charge, presence of aromatic ring and heteroatom). All the amino acids were modified by the introduction of azido moiety to allow the interaction with alkyne prosthetic groups. Once the conditions of the click chemistry were optimized, the prosthetic groups were also coupled with the cyclic-[RGDfK] exhibiting an azido function. 4- Trimethylammonium-nitrobenzene triflate was used as precursor for the radiosynthesis of the prosthetic groups. The fluorination was carried out with K2CO3/K2.2.2 in CH3CN at 95 oC, and the nitro group was reduced with NaBH4 and Pd/C in MeOH. The resulting 18F-aniline was subsequently coupled to alkynoic acids to yield the final F-18 labeled prosthetic groups. Finally, the prosthetic groups were attached to the peptides via Huisgen's cycloaddition. Figure 1. F-18 labeled αvβ3 ligand.Results: Our new prosthetic groups were successfully clicked to the modified amino acids and to the cyclic- [RGDfK], and the reactions were almost quantitative within 1 to 3.5 h. The pH of the reaction did not influence the reaction kinetic and yield. The four steps of the F-18 labeling were completely automated providing the final products in quantities and yields practical for PET imaging. IC50 values of our ligands for αvβ3 and α5β1 demonstrated a high selectivity of our compounds towards αvβ3, as well as the negligible effect of the prosthetic groups on the affinity of the ligand to its receptor, as confirmed by the prediction of the molecular modeling.Conclusions: We have successfully synthesized novel F-18 labeled prosthetic groups, as well as novel PET imaging probes of αvβ3 expression. The reaction conditions of the Huisgen's cycloaddition were optimized with selected modified amino acids, and subsequently transposed to the cyclic-[RGDfK] peptide. IC50 data demonstrate that our 18F-labeled ligands were selective for αvβ3. In vivo microPET/CT studies in tumor bearing mice are underway.
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