Article: article from journal or magazin.
Review (review): journal as complete as possible of one specific subject, written based on exhaustive analyses from published work.
Imagerie des atteintes inflammatoires rachidiennes [Imaging in inflammatory spine diseases]
Revue Médicale Suisse
Publication types: English Abstract ; Journal Article ; Review
There is a mean delay of 5 to 8 years between the onset of symptoms and the diagnosis of ankylosing spondylitis. This is due to the fact that radiographic sacroiliitis is delayed. The purpose of an earlier diagnosis is emphasized by the need for better management, the new diagnostic method including magnetic resonance imaging and by the efficacy of anti-TNF therapy. The current criteria are classification but not diagnostic criteria. Their sensitivity is insufficient for an early diagnosis of ankylosing spondylitis. MRI criteria allow to differentiate inflammatory signs from degenerative signs in patients sent for aspecific low back pain. The aims of this article are to illustrate the different stages of the disease from early inflammatory involvement to ankylosis and to discuss the role of imaging in the management of affected patients.
Diagnosis, Differential, Early Diagnosis, Humans, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Sensitivity and Specificity, Severity of Illness Index, Spondylarthritis, Spondylitis, Ankylosing/diagnosis, Tomography, X-Ray Computed
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