Article: article from journal or magazin.
Effect of the TAT-RasGAP(317-326) peptide on apoptosis of human malignant mesothelioma cells and fibroblasts exposed to meso-tetra-hydroxyphenyl-chlorin and light.
Journal of photochemistry and photobiology. B, Biology
Publication types: Journal Article ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't - Publication Status: ppublish
BACKGROUND: 5,10,15,20-Tetrakis(m-hydroxyphenyl)chlorin (mTHPC)-mediated photodynamic therapy (PDT) has shown insufficient tumor selectivity for the treatment of pleural mesothelioma. Tumor selectivity of mTHPC-PDT may be enhanced in the presence of the TAT-RasGAP(317-326) peptide which has the potential to specifically sensitize tumor cells to cytostatic agents. MATERIALS AND METHODS: H-meso-1 and human fibroblast cell cultures, respectively, were exposed to two different mTHPC doses followed by light delivery with and without TAT-RasGAP(317-326) administration. mTHPC was added to the cultures at a concentration of 0.04microg/ml and 0.10microg/ml, respectively, 24h before laser light illumination at 652nm (3J/cm(2), 40mW/cm(2)). TAT-RasGAP(317-326) was added to the cultures immediately after light delivery at a concentration of 20microM. The apoptosis rate was determined by scoring the cells displaying pycnotic nuclei. Cell viability was measured by using a 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay. RESULTS: Light delivery associated with 0.04microg/ml mTHPC resulted in a significantly higher apoptosis rate in the presence of TAT-RasGAP(317-326) than without in H-meso-1 cells (p<0.05) but not in fibroblasts. In contrast, 1.0microg/ml mTHPC and light resulted in a significantly higher apoptosis rate in both H-meso-1 cells and fibroblasts as compared to controls (p<0.05) but the addition of TAT-RasGAP(317-326) did not lead to a further significant increase of the apoptosis rate of both H-meso-1 cells and fibroblasts as compared to mTHPC and light delivery alone. CONCLUSION: TAT-RasGAP(317-326) selectively enhanced the effect of mTHPC and light delivery on H-meso-1 cells but not on fibroblasts. However, this effect was mTHPC dose-dependent and occurred only at a low sensitizer dose.
Apoptosis, Cell Survival, Fibroblasts, GTPase-Activating Proteins, Humans, Mesoporphyrins, Mesothelioma, Peptide Fragments, Peptides, Photochemotherapy, Photosensitizing Agents, Tumor Cells, Cultured
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