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Binding and cross-linking of recombinant mouse interferon-gamma to receptors in mouse leukemic L1210 cells; interferon-gamma internalization and receptor down-regulation.
Journal of Immunology
Recombinant E. coli-derived murine IFN-gamma (Mu-rIFN-gamma; 5 X 10(7) U/mg) was radiolabeled with 125I by the chloramine-T method without loss of its antiviral activity. The 125I-Mu-rIFN-gamma showed specific binding to L1210 cells. Scatchard analysis indicates about 4000 binding sites per cell and an apparent Kd of 5 X 10(-10)M. Binding of 125I-Mu-rIFN-gamma to cells was inhibited by both natural (glycosylated) and rIFN-gamma, but not by IFN-alpha/beta. Receptor-bound 125I-Mu-rIFN-gamma was rapidly internalized when incubation temperature was raised from 4 degrees C to 37 degrees C. On internalization, almost no IFN-gamma degradation was observed during 16 hr incubation. 125I-Mu-rIFN-gamma binding capacity decreased in cells preincubated with low doses of unlabeled Mu-rIFN-gamma, but not with IFN-alpha/beta. This receptor down-regulation was dose-dependent: 90% reduction of 125I-Mu-rIFN-gamma binding was observed after preincubation with 100 U/ml. After removal of IFN-gamma from the culture medium, the binding capacity increased with time. However, reappearance of receptor was completely blocked by cycloheximide or tunicamycin, suggesting that re-expression of receptors is not due to recycling but to the synthesis of new receptors, and that the receptor is probably a glycoprotein. Cross-linking of 125I-Mu-rIFN-gamma to surface L1210 cell proteins by using bifunctional agents yielded a predominant complex of m.w. 110,000 +/- 5000. Thus, assuming a bimolecular complex, the m.w. of the receptor or receptor subunit would be close to 95,000 +/- 5000. The formation of such a complex appeared highly specific on the basis of the following criteria: it could be inhibited by the addition of Mu-rIFN-gamma but not by Mu-rIFN-alpha/beta, it was not obtained in cells pretreated with IFN-gamma to induce down-regulation of IFN-gamma receptors, and it was also identified in the IFN-alpha/beta-resistant L1210R cell line, known to be sensitive to IFN-gamma and which we have recently shown to express IFN-gamma receptors.
Animals, Binding, Competitive, Cell Membrane/metabolism, Cross-Linking Reagents, Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel, Interferon Type I/metabolism, Interferon Type I/pharmacology, Interferon-gamma/metabolism, Interferon-gamma/pharmacology, Leukemia L1210/metabolism, Mice, Receptors, Immunologic/analysis, Receptors, Immunologic/drug effects, Receptors, Interferon, Recombinant Proteins/metabolism, Recombinant Proteins/pharmacology
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