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Données actualisées sur la physiopathologie, les phénotypes et les traitements de la maladie de Still de l'adulte [Pathophysiology, subtypes, and treatments of adult-onset Still's disease: An update].
La Revue de Médecine Interne
Adult-onset Still's disease is a rare and difficult to diagnose multisystemic disorder considered as a multigenic autoinflammatory syndrome. Its immunopathogenesis seems to be at the crossroads between inflammasomopathies and hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis, the most severe manifestation of the disease. According to recent insights in the pathophysiology and thanks to cohort studies and therapeutic trials, two phenotypes of adult-onset Still's disease may be distinguished: a systemic pattern, initially highly symptomatic and with a higher risk to exhibit life-threatening complications such as reactive hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis, where interleukin-1 blockade seems to be very effective, a chronic articular pattern, more indolent with arthritis in the foreground and less severe systemic manifestations, which would threat functional outcome and where interleukin-6 blockade seems to be more effective. This review focuses on these data.
Adult-onset Still's disease, Interleukin-1, Interleukin-6, Autoinflammatory syndrome
Web of science
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