Article: article from journal or magazin.
Remaining rod activity mediates visual behavior in adult Rpe65-/- mice.
Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science
Publication types: Journal Article ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Purpose: C57/Bl6, Cpfl1-/- (Cone photoreceptors function loss 1; pure rod function), Gnat1alpha-/- (rod alpha-transducin; pure cone function) and Rpe65-/-;Rho-/- double knock-out mice were studied in order to distinguish the respective contributions of the different photoreceptor (PR) systems that enable light perception and mediate a visual reflex in adult Rpe65-/- mice using a simple behavioural procedure. Methods: Visual function was estimated using a rotating automatized optomotor drum covered with vertical black and white stripes at spatial frequencies of 0.025 to 0.5 cycles per degree (cpd) in both photopic and scotopic conditions. To evaluate the contribution as well as the light intensity threshold of each PR system, we tested the mouse strains with different luminances. Results: Stripe rotation elicits head movements in wild-type (WT) animals in photopic and scotopic conditions depending on the spatial frequency, whereas Cpfl1-/- mice show a reduced activity in the photopic condition and Gnat1alpha-/- mice an almost absent response in the scotopic condition. Interestingly, a robust visual response is obtained with Rpe65-/- knockout mice at 0.075 cpd and 0.1 cpd in the photopic condition. The residual rod function in the Rpe65-/- animals was demonstrated by testing Rpe65-/-;Rho-/- mice that present no response in photopic conditions. Conclusions: The optomotor test is a simple method to estimate the visual function, and to evaluate the respective contributions of rod and cone systems. Using this test, we demonstrate that in Rpe65-/- mice, devoid of functional cones and of detectable 11-cis-retinal protein, rods mimic in part the cone function by mediating vision in photopic conditions.
Animals, Behavior, Animal/physiology, Carrier Proteins/genetics, Color Vision/physiology, Eye Proteins/genetics, GTP-Binding Protein alpha Subunits/genetics, Gene Silencing/physiology, Male, Mice, Mice, Inbred C57BL, Mice, Knockout, Motor Activity/physiology, Night Vision/physiology, Retinal Degeneration/genetics, Retinal Degeneration/physiopathology, Retinal Rod Photoreceptor Cells/physiology, Transducin/genetics, Vision, Ocular/physiology, Visual Perception/physiology, rho GTP-Binding Proteins/genetics
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