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Interleukin 1-dependent induction of both interleukin 2 secretion and interleukin 2 receptor expression by thymoma cells
Journal of Immunology
Journal Article --- Old month value: Aug 15
The macrophage-derived product, interleukin 1 (IL 1) is thought to play an important regulatory role in the proliferation of T lymphocytes; however, its mechanism of action is unknown. We describe in this report a variant subline of EL4 thymoma cells (EL4-6.1) that displays a high degree of responsiveness to IL 1. We show that recombinant IL 1 can induce both the secretion of interleukin 2 (IL 2) and the expression of IL 2 receptors (IL 2-R) by these cells. EL4-6.1 cells do not constitutively secrete IL 2, nor do they express IL 2-R; but when cultured in the presence of recombinant IL 1, they secrete detectable amounts of IL 2 (5 to 15 U/ml). In the presence of either suboptimal levels of phorbol ester (PMA) or Ionomycin, the addition of IL 1 resulted in up to an 80-fold enhancement in the amount of IL 2 secreted. Stimulation with IL 1 alone or in combination with Ionomycin was unable to induce detectable IL 2-R expression by EL4-6.1 cells. However, in the presence of suboptimal concentrations of PMA, IL 1 induced expression of about 3000 high affinity (dissociation constant, Kd of 31 pM) and 50,000 low affinity (Kd of 2800 pM) IL 2-R. These IL 2-R were functional, based on their ability to rapidly internalize IL 2. This model system will allow a detailed analysis of the mechanisms involved in the regulation of the immune response by IL 1 and IL 2.
Animals Cell Line Dose-Response Relationship, Immunologic Interleukin-1/*physiology Interleukin-2/*biosynthesis/metabolism Kinetics Lymphocyte Activation Mice Receptors, Immunologic/*biosynthesis Receptors, Interleukin-2 T-Lymphocytes/metabolism Thymoma/metabolism/*secretion
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