Simultaneous use of alcohol, tobacco and cannabis in relation to severity of substance dependence: a study among young Swiss men

Détails

ID Serval
serval:BIB_D9764F77563F
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Titre
Simultaneous use of alcohol, tobacco and cannabis in relation to severity of substance dependence: a study among young Swiss men
Périodique
Journal of Addiction Research and Therapy
Auteur(s)
Baggio S., Studer J., Deline S., N'Goran A., Mohler-Kuo M., Daeppen J.B., Gmel G.
ISSN
2155-6105
ISSN-L
2155-6105
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
2014
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Pages
S10:002
Langue
anglais
Résumé
Objective: This study investigated patterns of the simultaneous use of alcohol, tobacco and cannabis among young polydrug users, and whether use of one substance might be a cue for use of another and associations with the severity of substance dependence.
Methods: The study focused on 3 subsamples from the ongoing Swiss Cohort Study on Substance Use Risk Factors (C-SURF, N=5,990). It used 12 months of data on alcohol/tobacco co-users, alcohol/cannabis co-users and tobacco/cannabis co-users (N=2,660, 1,755 and 1,460 respectively. Simultaneous use, numbers of symptoms of substance dependence, and hazardous use of alcohol, tobacco and cannabis were assessed. The effect of simultaneous polydrug use (SPU) on the numbers of symptoms of substance dependence was tested using analysis of variance.
Results: Polydrug use was most common as SPU, and less common as non/occasional SPU. Moreover, when participants started to use one substance while using another, the severity of substance dependence was more strongly associated with the triggered substance than with cue.
Conclusions: This study highlights the necessity to take SPU into account. First, SPU rather than separate drug use was the most common pattern for polydrug users. Second, frequent SPU was associated with increased numbers of symptoms of substance dependence compared to non/occasional SPU. Furthermore, SPU may reveal the severity of substance use dependence, when substance use is triggered by a cue substance. For these reasons, SPU should be a serious cause for concern for prevention and intervention purposes.
Création de la notice
25/03/2014 15:10
Dernière modification de la notice
14/05/2019 15:55
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