Tropical forest transitions and globalization: neoliberalism, migration, tourism, and international conservation agendas

Détails

Ressource 1Télécharger: BIB_D941FCE34B07.P001.pdf (1920.23 [Ko])
Etat: Serval
Version: de l'auteur
ID Serval
serval:BIB_D941FCE34B07
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Titre
Tropical forest transitions and globalization: neoliberalism, migration, tourism, and international conservation agendas
Périodique
Society and Natural Resources
Auteur(s)
Kull Christian A., Ibrahim C.K., Meredith Thomas C.
ISSN
0894-1920 (Print,1521-0723)
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
2007
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
20
Numéro
8
Pages
723-737
Langue
anglais
Notes
http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.1080/08941920701329702
Résumé
Deforestation is giving way to forest regeneration in some tropical regions. We investigate such "forest transitions" in two biodiversity-rich countries. A case study near the Pacific Coast of Costa Rica shows how synergies between international conservation ideologies, neo-liberal reforms, tourism (and associated real estate investment), and migration (as one strategy for livelihood diversification) lead to increased forest cover. We find these factors widespread in Costa Rica as a whole. In Madagascar, by contrast, while the factors are present to varying degrees, similar trends are largely absent. Many analysts compare tropical forest transitions to the forest history of modernizing temperate countries. While our findings may appear consistent with such models based on processes of modernization, they are comprehensible only with reference to contemporary forces of globalization. We conclude that globalization has diverse impacts shaped by regional contexts; these can include the benefits of reforestation but also the costs of social marginalization.
Mots-clé
Costa Rica, forest transition, globalization, Madagascar, modernization
Création de la notice
11/03/2015 17:58
Dernière modification de la notice
08/06/2018 12:54
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