Article: article from journal or magazin.
Triiodothyronine and nerve growth factor are required to induce cytoplasmic dynein expression in rat dorsal root ganglion cultures.
Brain Research. Developmental Brain Research
Beside the several growth factors which play a crucial role in the development and regeneration of the nervous system, thyroid hormones also contribute to the normal development of the central and peripheral nervous system. In our previous work, we demonstrated that triiodothyronine (T3) in physiological concentration enhances neurite outgrowth of primary sensory neurons in cultures. Neurite outgrowth requires microtubules and microtubule associated proteins (MAPs). Therefore the effects of exogenous T3 or/and nerve growth factors (NGF) were tested on the expression of cytoskeletal proteins in primary sensory neurons. Dorsal root ganglia (DRG) from 19 day old rat embryos were cultured under four conditions: (1) control cultures in which explants were grown in the absence of T3 and NGF, (2) cultures grown in the presence of NGF alone, (3) in the presence of T3 alone or (4) in the presence of NGF and T3 together. Analysis of proteins by SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis revealed the presence of several proteins in the molecular weight region around 240 kDa. NGF and T3 together induced the expression of one protein, in particular, with a molecular weight above 240 kDa, which was identified by an antibody against MAP1c, a protein also known as cytoplasmic dynein. The immunocytochemical detection confirmed that this protein was expressed only in DRG explants grown in the presence of NGF and T3 together. Neither control explants nor explants treated with either NGF or T3 alone expressed dynein. In conclusion, a combination of nerve growth factor and thyroid hormone is necessary to regulate the expression of cytoplasmic dynein, a protein that is involved in retrograde axonal transport.
Animals, Cells, Cultured, Cytoplasm/metabolism, Dyneins/biosynthesis, Ganglia, Spinal/cytology, Ganglia, Spinal/metabolism, Microtubule Proteins/biosynthesis, Microtubule-Associated Proteins/biosynthesis, Nerve Growth Factors/physiology, Nerve Tissue Proteins/biosynthesis, Neuroblastoma, Neurons/metabolism, PC12 Cells, Rats, Rats, Wistar, Triiodothyronine/physiology, Tumor Cells, Cultured
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