Article: article from journal or magazin.
Calcineurin blockade prevents cardiac mitogen-activated protein kinase activation and hypertrophy in renovascular hypertension.
The Journal of biological chemistry
Publication types: Journal Article ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't - Publication Status: ppublish
Chronic stimulation of the renin-angiotensin system induces an elevation of blood pressure and the development of cardiac hypertrophy via the actions of its effector, angiotensin II. In cardiomyocytes, mitogen-activated protein kinases as well as protein kinase C isoforms have been shown to be important in the transduction of trophic signals. The Ca(2+)/calmodulin-dependent phosphatase calcineurin has also been suggested to play a role in cardiac growth. In the present report, we investigate possible cross-talks between calcineurin, protein kinase C, and mitogen-activated protein kinase pathways in controlling angiotensin II-induced hypertrophy. Angiotensin II-stimulated cardiomyocytes and mice with angiotensin II-dependent renovascular hypertension were treated with the calcineurin inhibitor cyclosporin A. Calcineurin, protein kinase C, and mitogen-activated protein kinase activations were determined. We show that cyclosporin A blocks angiotensin II-induced mitogen-activated protein kinase activation in cultured primary cardiomyocytes and in the heart of hypertensive mice. Cyclosporin A also inhibits specific protein kinase C isoforms. In vivo, cyclosporin A prevents the development of cardiac hypertrophy, and this effect appears to be independent of hemodynamic changes. These data suggest cross-talks between the calcineurin pathway, the protein kinase C, and the mitogen-activated protein kinase signaling cascades in transducing angiotensin II-mediated stimuli in cardiomyocytes and could provide the basis for an integrated model of cardiac hypertrophy.
Angiotensin II, Animals, Calcineurin, Cardiomegaly, Cyclosporine, Enzyme Activation, Hypertension, Renovascular, Male, Mice, Mice, Inbred C57BL, Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases, Myocardium, Protein Kinase C
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